In the history of the modern American movies, there are but few legacies of makeup artists. Only one family features four working generations: The Westmores of Hollywood. With ties to virtually every studio in the annals of cinema, The Westmores created classic makeups back to the earliest years of silent film.
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GEORGE H. WESTMORE
(June 27, 1879-July 12, 1931)
(George Henry Westmore) MOVIE IMAGE BIOGRAPHY:
..A Partial List of George's Movies:.. ..
The Black Pirate, 1926 (Parker)
Ben Hur: A Tale of the Christ, 1925 (Niblo)
Don Q Son of Zorro, 1925 (Crisp)
The Thief of Bagdad, 1924 (Berger/Powell)
Secrets, 1924 (Borzage)
Robin Hood, 1922 (Dwan)
The Three Musketeers, 1921 (Niblo)
The Education of Elizabeth, 1921 (Dillon)
The Sheik, 1921 (Melford)
The Nut, 1921 (Reed)
Smilin' Through, 1922 (Franklin)
The Mark of Zorro, 1920 (Niblo)
The Frisky Mrs. Johnson, 1920 (Dillon)
The Misleading Widow, 1919 (Robertson)
The Knickerbocker Buckaroo, 1919 (Parker)
Sadie Love, 1919 (Robertson)
Good Gracious Annabelle, 1919 (Melford)
His Majesty, The American, 1919 (Henabery) .. ..
Silent Film: The Thief of Bagdad
The Thief of Bagdad is a 1924 Douglas Fairbanks swashbuckler adventure film which tells the story of a thief who falls in love with the daughter of the Caliph.
In 1996, the film was selected for preservation in the United States National Film Registry by the Library of Congress as being "culturally, historically, or aesthetically significant".
The movie, strong on special effects of the period (flying carpet, etc.) and featuring massive Arabian-style sets, also proved a stepping stone for a scantily-clad Anna May Wong, who portrayed a Mongol slave.
Douglas Fairbanks as The Thief of Bagdad
Snitz Edwards as His Evil Associate
Charles Belcher as The Holy Man
Julanne Johnston as The Princess
Sojin as The Mongol Prince
Anna May Wong as The Mongol Slave
Brandon Hurst as The Caliph
Tote Du Crow as The Soothsayer
Johnson as The Indian Prince
Jack Churchill as an extra
Eugene W. Jackson II as small child (uncredited)
Freddie Jackson as small child (uncredited)
HonorsIn June 2008, AFI revealed its "Ten top Ten"—the best ten films in ten "classic" American film genres—after polling over 1,500 people from the creative community. The Thief of Bagdad was acknowledged as the ninth best film in the fantasy genre.
.... IN THE BEGINNING:..
George Henry Westmore born in Newport, Isle of Wight, England was a wigmaker, saloon manager, makeup artist of Cockney Brit(ish); served in the British Army during Boer War, worked as a wigmaker and saloon manager in England; (Winston Churchill was said to have thought of him highly as a barber).
George Westmore career began in 1901 he opened a hair dressing salon, Newport, then worked in Canterbury, Kent, until after 1906, in Montreal, Toronto, and Quebec, Canada, and Pittsburgh, San Antonio, New Orleans, Buffalo, St. Louis, and Washington, D.C. In 1913 he added makeup to his repertory, Cleveland; began teaching Perc and Ern the art of wigmaking when they were nine; 1917 he was working at Maison Cesare, Los Angeles, first began at Selig-Polyscope Studio moving on to Triangle Film Corporation (a.k.a. Triangle Motion Picture Company), and other studios: responsible for Mary Pickford's curls in the late 1910s. George's greater contribution, though, may have been in fathering six sons, all of whom went into makeup design.The Selig Studios & Zoo
George Westmore founded the first (tiny) makeup department at a motion picture studio at Selig-Polyscope Studios (1917), in Edendale, a suburb of Los Angeles next to Hollywood, developing techniques still in use today.
Selig, William (1864-1948), U.S. motion picture pioneer, born in Chicago, Ill.; actor, theatrical manager 1888-99; improved early motion picture camera; produced first long historical motion picture Coming of Columbus'. Selig Polyscope Co. Selig set up his studio (1909), with director Francis Boggs, who began the facility in a rented bungalow and quickly expanded, designing the studio's front entrance after Mission San Gabriel. An early production there was The Count of Monte Cristo. Edendale soon became Selig Polyscope's headquarters. Selig produced almost a thousand movies and was responsible for developing new film talent such as Roscoe Arbuckle along with early cowboy western stars Gilbert M. "Bronco Billy" Anderson and Tom Mix.
George, Like Max Factor, Sr., understood that cosmetic and hair needs were personal and would make up stars such as Mary Pickford (whom he relieved of having to curl her famous hair daily by making false ringlets) or the Talmadge sisters in their homes before they left for work in the morning.
George and his sons built their own shops; they were all very handy with carpentry and plumbing. Usually back when films began, in the entertainment industry, Actors and Actresses did their own makeup. No single person was responsible for the hairstyling or makeup many times actors would help one another. George: married 1) Ada Savage, 1901; 19 children, including the six sons listed below, a daughter Dorothy, and others who died young; 2) Anita Salazar, 1925; daughter: Patricia.
..Second Generation - Family..
Montague "Monte" Westmore - Makeup artist born in Newport, Isle of Wight, England, who in 1920, worked in the lumberyard mill, then as busboy/dishwasher at Famous Players-Lasky studio; valet, then makeup artist for Rudolph Valentino (created the clean Latin look). His father George had created the Valentino look but it was Monte who refined it, defined it and perfected the style, which the world came to recognize. When Valentino died in 1926, Monte became a freelance artist for Gloria Swanson, Clara Bow, and Sonia Henie; Monte went to Selznick International where, thirteen years later, he worked himself to death with the enormous makeup demands for Gone With the Wind (1939); his feature work included makeup for Forbidden (1932), and Four Frightened People (1934). Monte: married 1) Edith McCarrier (divorced); sons: Monty, Jr., Marvin, and Michael; 2) Cora Williams; 3) remarried Edith McCarrier, 1934.
Ernest "Ern" Westmore - Makeup artist born in Canterbury, Kent and worked at RKO from 1929 to 1931 then at Fox from 1935, was adept at finding the right look for stars of the 1930s. He worked for 20th Century-Fox for a time in the 1930s and later for Eagle-Lion Pictures, specialists in low-budget films; hosted "The Ern Westmore Show" and "Search for Beauty", two short-lived 1955 instructional TV programs. Ern: married 1) Venida Snyder, 1922 (divorced 1929); daughter: Muriel; 2) Ethelyne Claire, 1930; daughter: Lynn; 3) Peggy Kent, 1940 (divorced 1940); 4) Betty Harron, 1941.
Percival "Perc" Westmore - Makeup artist born Canterbury, Kent. With his dad George, Perc worked at Maison Cesare from age 16. In 1923 Perc established a blazing career at First National-Warner Bros. and, over twenty-seven years, initiated beauty trends and disguises including, in 1939, the faces of Charles Laughton's grotesque The Hunchback of Notre Dame (for RKO) and Bette Davis's eyebrowless, almost bald, whitefaced Queen Elizabeth. In the early 1920s he blended Stein Pink greasepaint with eye shadow, preceding Factor's Panchromatic. He worked for Warner Bros. from the early 1930s through the early 50s on films including Footlight Parade (1933); The Private Lives of Elizabeth and Essex (1939); Casablanca (1943); Caged (1950); he was also a recognized expert and specialist in women's makeup and feminine beauty treatments. Perc: married 1) Virginia Thomas, 1924 (divorced 1936); daughters: Norma and Virginia; 2) the actress Gloria Dickson, 1938 (divorced 1940); 3) Julietta Novis, 1941; 4) Margaret Donovan, 1942; 5) Ola Carroll, 1951.
Walter "Wally" Westmore - Makeup artist. Born 1906 in Canterbury, Kent, headed up Paramount's makeup division for 43 years, his credits included the innovative makeup for: Dr. Jekyll and Mr. Hyde (1932). Wally: married Edwina Shelton; son: James; daughter: Ann.
Hamilton "Bud" Westmore - Makeup Artist, Bud was born in Los Angeles, California, Hamilton Adolph, but changed his first names to George Hamilton both in tribute to his father and after the rise of Hitler made Adolph an unpopular name in the US. After free-lancing in the 40s (including work at "Poverty Row" studio PRC on the classic noir Detour 1945), Westmore joined Universal. Bud married 1) the actress Martha Raye, 1937 (divorced 1937); 2) the actress Rosemary Lane, 1941 (divorced 1954); daughter: Bridget; 3) Jeanne Shores, 1955; sons: Robert, Timothy, and Charles; daughter: Melinda.
Frank Westmore - Makeup artist. Born 1923 in Maywood, California graduated Hollywood High, in California, served from 1943–45 in US Coast Guard and was a makeup artist for Coast Guard touring show "Tars and Spars"; Frank married 1) Fran Shore, 1950 (divorced 1951); 2) Johnnie Fay Rector, 1955 (divorced 1955); 3) Gloria Christian, 1968.
..Third Generation – Family..
Montague "Monty" George Westmore Jr. - Makeup artist, son of Monte Westmore graduated Hollywood High in California. Monty's Work includes: Blaze (1989), he began working for his uncle, Perc Westmore, at Warner Bros. His work with Paul Newman, Joan Crawford, Dustin Hoffman is legendary. Monty passed away on November 13, 2007 and is survived by his wife, June; his children from a previous marriage, Wendy, Missy, Terri-Anne and Monty; his brothers, Marvin and Michael; and five grandchildren.
Marvin "Marv" George Westmore - Makeup artist, son of Monte Westmore born December 24, 1934 graduated from North Hollywood High in California. Marv's work includes: Tell Them Willie Boy Is Here (1969), The Buddy Holly Story (1978), Blade Runner (1982), V (1984) V - The Final Battle (1984), and nominated six (6) times for an Emmy. He is the Past President of "Makeup & Hairstylist Guild, Local 706"; Founder & CEO of the "The Westmore Academy of Cosmetic Arts" and Founder & CEO of "The George Westmore Research Library & Museum" in Burbank, California.
Michael "Mick" George Westmore - Makeup artist. Son of Monte Westmore born in 1938; work includes: Rocky (1976), Raging Bull (1980), 2010 (1984), The Clan of the Cave Bear (1986); Roxanne (1987) and Revenge (1990); won Emmy for work on Eleanor and Franklin and an Oscar for Mask. (Retired)
..Fourth Generation – Family..
Kevin Westmore - Makeup artist, son of Marvin Westmore, Kevin's work includes Predator 2 (co-makeup 1990); won 1999 Emmy for work on The X-Files.
Kandace Westmore - Makeup artist, daughter of Marvin Westmore, she honed her craft on various other projects such as infomercials and game shows, including celebrity host Bob Barker on “The Price is Right”. Her many accomplishments include the long-running Baywatch and McGyver series, The X-Files, Lois & Clark, and more recently, American Dreams, for which Kandace and her team received the coveted 2004 “Best Period makeup” from her peers at the Makeup Artists & Hairstylists Guild, and now Ghost Whisperer and nominated for an Emmy for her work on The Rat Pack (1999).
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HeroesHollywood Makeup Overview
(Early 1900's - Present)
..Makeup has a long theatrical history.. - early film industry naturally looked to traditional stage techniques, but these proved inadequate almost immediately. One of makeup's first problems was with celluloid. Early filmmakers used orthochromatic film stock, which had a limited color-range sensitivity. It reacted to red pigmentation, darkening white skin and nullifying solid reds. To counter the effect, Caucasian actors wore heavy pink greasepaint (Stein's #2) as well as black eyeliner and dark red lipstick (which, if applied too lightly, appeared white on screen), but these masklike cosmetics smeared as actors sweated under the intense lights.
Until the mid-teens, actors applied their own makeup and their image was rarely uniform from scene to scene. As the close-up became more common, makeup focused on the face, which had to be understood from a hugely magnified perspective, making refinements essential. In the pursuit of these radical changes, two names stand out as Hollywood's progenitor artists: George H. Westmore (1879–1931) and Max Factor, Sr.(1877 - August 30, 1938), born Factorowitz or Faktorowicz in Łódź, Poland (then Russian Empire), was a businessman and cosmetician who founded the Max Factor Cosmetics Company. He is known as the father of modern cosmetics. Both started as wigmakers and both recognized that the crucial difference between stage and screen was a lightness of touch. Both invented enduring cosmetics and makeup tricks for cinema and each, at times, took credit for the same invention (such as false eyelashes).
Max Factor, Sr. with a background in barbering, arrived in the United States in 1904 and moved to Los Angeles in 1908 (He would visit the various theaters and sell his makeup to the actors and actresses directly. He also set up a perfume, hair care, and cosmetics business catering to theatrical needs in downtown Los Angeles, distributed well-known greasepaints, which were too thick for screen use and photographed very poorly. By 1910, Factor had begun to divide the theatrical from the cinematic as he experimented to find appropriate cosmetics for film. His Greasepaint was the first makeup used in a screen test, for Cleopatra (1912), and by 1914 Factor had invented a twelve-toned cream version, which applied thinly, allowed for individual skin subtleties, and conformed more comfortably with celluloid.
In the early 1920s panchromatic film began to replace orthochromatic, causing fewer color flaws, and in 1928 Factor completed work on Panchromatic MakeUp, which had a variety of hues. In 1937, the year before he died, he dealt with the new Technicolor problems by adapting theatrical "pancake" into a water-soluble powder, applicable with a sponge, excellent for film's and, eventually, television's needs. It photographed very well, eliminating the shine induced by Technicolor lighting, and its basic translucence imparted a delicate look. Known as Pancake makeup, it was first used in Vogues of 1938 (1937) and Goldwyn's Follies (1938), quickly becoming not only the film industry norm but a public sensation. Once movie stars, delighting in its lightness, began to wear it offscreen, Pancake became de rigueur for fashion-conscious women. After Factor's death, his empire continued to set standards and still covers cinema's cosmetic needs, from fingernails to toupees.
Historic Hollywood Images
Hollywood Historical Highlights:....
1826-39 - The invention of photography sets the stage for the development of motion pictures.
1886 - Developer Harvey Wilcox, a transplant from Kansas, buys 160 acres of land west of Los Angeles in order to found a conservative community. His wife Daeida meets a woman on a train who speaks of her summer home called Hollywood. She convinces her husband to names their new ranch “Hollywood.”
1892 - W.K.L. Dickson builds the first movie studio for Thomas A. Edison, the “Black Maria.”
1895 - The Lumière brothers show their films in Paris using the cinématographe.
1896 - The first movie projection in the United States takes place at Koster & Bial’s New York Music Hall.
1903 - The community is incorporated as Hollywood. Wilcox, a prohibitionist, bans the sale of alcohol in the community except by pharmacists.
1902 - Georges Méliès makes the first science fiction film, A Trip to the Moon.
1903-1910 - Hollywood was incorporated as a City in its own right.
1904 - The Jacob Stern family purchased the Northam Citrus farm.
1906-10 Nickelodeons become popular with American working-class and immigrant audiences.
1907 - Chicago-based Selig-Polyscope Company arrives in Los Angeles to scout locations, and later establishes the first-ever studio there.
1910 - D.W. Griffith comes to Los Angeles with Mack Sennett, Mary Pickford and the Biograph Company.
1910 - Hollywood is annexed and officially becomes a part of Los Angeles in order to benefit from the water and sewage systems.
1911 - The first US fan magazine Motion Picture Story Magazine debuted in February. The Moving Picture World and The Motion Picture News also offered interviews and gossipy columns about the personal lives and careers of the stars.
1911 - IMP star Florence Lawrence was interviewed in 1911 in Motion Picture Story Magazine - often considered the first movie star interview.
1911 - David Horsley purchases the Blondeau Tavern on Sunset Boulevard and turns it into the Nestor Film Company, Hollywood's first film studio. As a result of the independents desire to escape the restrictions of the MPPC.
1911 - Credits began to appear regularly at the beginning of motion pictures.
1911 - Pathe's Weekly was the first regularly-released US newsreel.
1912 - Photoplay, the first true movie "fan" magazine, debuted and gave rise to the whole idea of a celebrity and fan culture. By the early 1920's, over a dozen such magazines crowded the news-stands with names like Cinema Art, Film Fun, Motion Picture Journal, Movie Weekly, Picture Play, and Screenland.
1912 - Carl Laemmle merged IMP and other studios to found the Universal Pictures Company. Mutual Film Corporation was formed. Jesse L. Lasky also formed the Jesse L. Lasky Feature Play Company. Significantly, the independents made longer 'feature' films than the short one-reelers produced by the MPPC. By 1912, fifteen film companies were operating in Hollywood.
1912 - Adolph Zukor founded an independent film studio named the Famous Players Film Corporation, with distribution arranged with a new organization named Paramount by 1914. Paramount Pictures is one of the oldest American motion picture studios. Its logo - a majestic mountain peak - still remains recognizable, making it the oldest surviving Hollywood studio film logo.
1912 - Canadian writer and actor Mack Sennett (the "King of Comedy") formed the Keystone Film Company (and Studio) in Edendale, (Now known as Atwater), a suburb of Los Angeles. The first Mack Sennett, Keystone Production was Cohen Collects a Debt. The first Keystone Kop film from the studio, Hoffmeyer's Legacy, was released in late 1912. Nearly every major comic performer in America worked at Keystone during this time, including Fatty Arbuckle, Mabel Normand and Charlie Chaplin, in mostly slapstick comedy films.
1913 - Jesse L. Lasky, film executive, produces the first full-length motion picture The Squaw Man in Hollywood, with C.B. deMille and Oscar C. Apfel directing and his brother-in-law Samuel (Goldwin) Goldfish, General Manager.
1914 - World War I begins, effectively destroying European film production and allowing American films to dominate.
May 8, 1914 - Paramount Pictures Corporation is formed (a distributing company) by W.W. Hodkinson with Jesse L. Lasky, Adolph Zukor, Hobart Bosworth, and other producers in New York.
1915 - Pioneering film-maker D.W. Griffith's technically brilliant, 3-hour Civil War epic, The Birth of a Nation, premiered with a phenomenal ticket price of $2 -- it was based on The Clansman, a novel by Thomas Dixon, Jr. Griffith's film popularized the expressive close-up, naturalistic acting, the flashback and other elements (i.e., exciting cross-cutting, a last minute rescue) that endure today as the structural principles of narrative filmmaking. It introduced the historical epic and period piece as a film genre and defined the language of film. Although it was the most extravagant and expensive film up to that time (at a budget of approximately $110,000), it was also highly controversial because of its racist theme. It was the first US motion picture shown in the White House, where President Woodrow Wilson described it as "writing history with lightning."
1915 - Producer/director Thomas H. Ince introduced a 'factory system' - a method that would be used to mass produce films. Different films in various stages of production would be systematically rotated through his movie studio (Triangle Motion Picture Company). Ince appointed a group of supervisors called producers who each had control over a certain number of pictures. Sometimes, ten or more movies were being produced in his studios at one time.
1915 - Charlie Chaplin's first masterpiece, The Tramp, produced by the Essanay Company in Chicago, showed the early development of his well-known character with baggy pants, bowler hat, walking cane, funny stride, and over-sized shoes.
1915 - The Bell & Howell 2709 movie camera allowed directors to film close-ups without physically moving the camera.
1915 - William Fox led a successful fight against Thomas Edison's Motion Pictures Patents Company (the Edison Trust). A federal court declared the Patents Company (and its subsidiary, the General Film Company) to be an illegal restraint on trade and an illegal monopoly, and fined over $20 million. It was soon officially dissolved and disbanded in the face of anti-trust legislation. The trust's appeal was dismissed in 1918.
1915 - In Mutual Film Corporation v. Industrial Commission of Ohio, the Supreme Court ruled that states may censor films, encouraging scrutiny of movies during future decades.
1915 - Theda Bara (an anagram for "Arab Death", but born as Theodosia Goodman) starred in A Fool There Was, personifying the "vamp," the female temptress and sex symbol, and became an overnight sensation. She was one of the first "sex symbols" or stars.
June 1916 - D.W. Griffith's expensive follow-up film to The Birth of a Nation (1915) was the monumental historical and dramatic epic Intolerance, told with parallel cross-cutting between its four stories, symbolically linked by the image of Lillian Gish rocking a child. Each story told of intolerance and injustice in four different historical periods -- a Modern Story, a French story, a Babylonian story (with the largest set in film history up to its time), and a Biblical story. Its filmmaking techniques would be adopted and displayed in the works of future filmmakers, such as Eisenstein and Coppola. With a budget of almost $2 million (the most expensive film of all time), it became the first multi-million dollar box-office 'bomb' in film history.
1916 - The Jesse L. Lasky Company merged with its friendly rival, Adolph Zukor's Famous Players Film Company, to form the Famous Players-Lasky Corporation. The corporation consolidated its production and distribution divisions with Paramount, and audiences began seeing "Paramount Pictures".
1916 - Goldwyn Pictures Established, Samuel (Gelbfisz) Goldfish (later renamed Samuel Goldwyn) born in Warsaw to a Polish Jewish family. At an early age he left Warsaw on foot an penniless, made his way to Birmingham, England, where hen remained with relatives for a few years using the Anglicized name Samuel Goldfish. Goldwyn was married to Blanche Lasky from 1910 to 1915, one daughter, Blanche was the sister of Jesse L. Lasky. Goldwyn Pictures Corporation was an American motion picture production company founded with Broadway producers Edgar and Archibald Selwyn.
1916 - The salary of Charlie Chaplin, filmdom's first major star, went from $125 to $10,000 weekly, when he signed on with the Mutual Film Corporation.
1917 - The Charlie Chaplin Studios are built just south of Sunset.
1917 - George H. Westmore opens the 1st Makeup Department at Selig-Polyscope Studios. Selig pays him $25/wk for part-time work George creates Mary Pickford's curls George promises actress, Billie Burke a new wig at Triangle Studios. He also made the very first pair of false eyelashes for her. After seeing her makeup, Thomas Ince, (1/3 of Triangle Film Corporation a.k.a. Triangle Motion Picture Company), hired him at an unheard of rate of $150/week. George opened the 1st Makeup department at Triangle Motion Picture Company before Samuel Goldwyn absorbed it. George is the first to introduce cutting hair in layers, where he demonstrates this on Douglas Fairbanks.
1917 - William Nicholas Selig (March 14, 1864, Chicago, Illinois - July 15, 1948, Los Angeles) sold the Edendale Selig-Polyscope facility to producer William Fox and moved his movie studio to the zoo in east Los Angeles. This was because by 1913 Mr. Selig had gathered a large collection of animals for his films and spent substantial funds acquiring and developing 32 acres of land in Lincoln Heights northeast of downtown Los Angeles, where he opened a large public zoo. Selig-Polyscope produced more than 1,800 motion pictures.
1917 - Technicolor introduces color film, originally existed in a two-color (red and green) system. In Process 1 (1917), a prism beam-splitter behind the camera lens exposed two adjacent frames of a single strip of black and white negative film simultaneously, one behind a red filter, the other behind a green filter. Because two frames were being exposed at the same time, the film had to be photographed and projected at twice the normal speed. Exhibition required a special projector with two apertures (one with a red filter and the other with a green filter), two lenses, and an adjustable prism that aligned the two images on the screen. Technicolor itself produced the only movie made in Process 1, The Gulf Between, which had a limited tour of Eastern cities, primarily to interest motion picture producers and exhibitors in color. The near-constant need for a technician to adjust the projection alignment doomed this additive color process. Only a few frames of The Gulf Between, showing star Grace Darmond, are known to exist today.
February 1918 - Famous Players-Lasky Corporation absorbs Paramount Pictures, their distributing subsidiary.
1918 - Triangle studios went up for sale, swallowed up by the emerging Hollywood studios. Producer Samuel Goldwyn bought the studios for the Goldwyn Pictures Corporation.
1919 - United Artists Corporation is founded by Douglas Fairbanks, Mary Pickford, D.W. Griffith and Charles Chaplin.
1920 - It was the "marriage of the century" when stars Mary Pickford and Douglas Fairbanks married in late March, after divorcing their spouses. He bought a lodge for his new bride -- named Pickfair, which soon became the social center of movieland, and served as a gathering place for politicians, journalists, artists, and foreign diplomats.
1920 - Douglas Fairbanks starred in the popular swashbuckler adventure film, The Mark of Zorro as the masked hero - the first of many film versions of the 1919 story "The Curse of Capistrano" by Johnston McCulley. It was the first film released through United Artists, recently formed in 1919 by Fairbanks, Chaplin, D.W. Griffith, and Mary Pickford.
1920 -Jesse L. Lasky, film executive, produces the first full-length motion picture in the Alabama Hills, Lone Pine, California, titled The Round-Up (Melford), starring Roscoe 'Fatty' Arbuckle. This historic location would become the most famous location in Film History, for Motion Picture Westerns. It has also been used as a prime location for non-westerns: The Shadow 1994 movie, Gladiator 2000 movie, Star Trek VII (Generations) 1995 movie. Mr. Lasky would continue sending film productions to the location, in order to capture this extremely picturestic valley on film. Over 1,000 films and television shows have been filmed in this area of the Alabama Hills, part of the Eastern Sierra's.Magazines Promote Films & Stars
1921 - Director George Melford's and Famous Players-Lasky's The Sheik debuted and established star Rudolph Valentino as cinema's best-known lover. It was one of the first of numerous exotic and erotic (at least for the day) romance/adventure films for men and women alike, designed to stimulate box office success. Valentino reached the peak of his stardom in this year, and also starred in Metro Pictures' The Four Horsemen of the Apocalypse.
1921 - Silent comic star/director Charlie Chaplin's first feature-length film (a six-reeler) and first film as producer, The Kid, was released, with a star-making role for young Jackie Coogan. Both a slapstick comedy and a soap opera tearjerker, it inspired future films such as The Champ (1931) (teaming another popular child star Jackie Cooper with Wallace Beery.) Chaplin's young 13-year old co-star Lita Grey, who portrayed a tempting angel in the film, became his second wife from 1924-1927.
1921 - Heavyweight silent-screen comedian Roscoe "Fatty" Arbuckle signed a $3 million contract with Paramount and celebrated with a wild party in a San Francisco hotel. There, he was arrested for the alleged rape and murder of 25 year-old bit-player/actress Virginia Rappe. Tabloids sensationalized the crime and made up stories about Arbuckle's 'bottle party.' The multiple manslaughter trials against the innocent actor always ended with the finding of 'not guilty,' but Arbuckle's career was over after two hung juries and a subsequent acquittal. As a result, the public conceived of Hollywood as wild and scandalous -- and pressures were brought to bear on the industry.
1921 - The Federal Trade Commission (FTC) sued Famous Players-Lasky for violating anti-trust laws by refusing to allow independent films to play in its theaters. This lawsuit by the US Government lead to a landmark decision which forced the motion picture studios ability to produce, distribute and showcase their movies in their own theaters. A major setback in the early development and growing control Hollywood studios had maintained.
1921 - D.W. Griffith's film Dream Street, with experimental sound (in its introductory prologue) using inventor Orland E. Kellum's Photokinema, has been regarded as the first feature film to use sound.
1922 - German Shepherd Rin Tin Tin became cinema's first canine star - and helped save its studio (Warner Bros.) from bankruptcy during the silent era. Rin Tin Tin made almost 30 films for the studio, beginning with The Man From Hell's River.
1922 - The first Walt Disney cartoon was Little Red Riding Hood, one of his Laugh O Grams studio productions that he made at his own animation studio in Kansas City before relocating to Los Angeles shortly thereafter.
1922 - Impresario Sid Grauman opened the Egyptian Theatre in Hollywood -- the first 'movie palace' outside of downtown Los Angeles. It had Hollywood's first film premiere on October 18, 1922 showing UA's silent swashbuckler Robin Hood, starring Douglas Fairbanks.
1923 - The four Warner brothers' film distribution and production business was incorporated and called Warner Brothers Pictures Inc. - one of the first large film studios. They released the 6-reel comedy-drama The Gold Diggers.
1923 - At the Rivoli Theatre in New York, Lee De Forest demonstrated a method for recording sound on the edge of the film strip called Phonofilm. He projected a series of short musical films featuring vaudeville performers.
1923 - One of the highest-grossing films of the year was Paramount's and James Cruze's feature-length western The Covered Wagon. It was an expensive effort which cost $800,000 yet brought $4 million at the box-office. The film was the historical drama of a wagon train in the mid-1800s moving westward, encountering harsh environmental and weather conditions (a river crossing and prairie fire), and of course, hostile Indians. Hollywood was encouraged to produce many more westerns in subsequent years.
1923 - Handsome silent era actor Wallace Reid was appearing, on average (over a seven-year period) in as many as one feature film every seven weeks, when he died of influenza at the age of 32. The real cause of his death was a weakened immune system due to his addiction to morphine (allegedly often supplied by the studio to keep him working) and his alcoholism. This was one of many scandals that would rock Hollywood and eventually lead to attempts to clamp down and prompt the implementation of the motion picture production code in the early 1930s.
1923 - Cecil B. deMille's first version of The Ten Commandments was the most expensive film ever made and featured the largest set ever constructed in movie history to that time - the 'City of the Pharoah' (120 feet tall, 720 feet wide, and with massive Egyptian statuary weighing 1,000,000 pounds). Its 'parting of the Red Sea' scene featured state-of-the-art special effects, and some segments were filmed in early Technicolor. After the film, the director ordered the set in San Luis Obispo County (California) buried -- 60 years later, archeologists uncovered it; deMille remade his silent epic in 1956.
1923 - The Hollywoodland development opens with a soon-to-be-iconic sign built for $21,000.
1924 - Erich von Stroheim directed the influential Greed, a 10-hour epic based on Frank Norris' novel McTeague. The movie was edited down into a 2-hour length before theatrical release - an early example of directorial vs. studio conflict, and one of cinedom's 'lost films'.
1924 - Theaters showed the first double features.
1924 - The future MGM studio was formed out of the merger of three US film production companies: Marcus Loew's Metro Pictures (1916), Goldwyn Pictures Corporation (1917) (known as Metro-Goldwyn) and the Louis B. Mayer Pictures Company (1918). MGM was destined to become the dominant studio of Hollywood's Golden Age during the 30s, under Louis B. Mayer's direction.
1924 - The first film produced by the newly-formed studio MGM was He Who Gets Slapped (1924), starring Lon Chaney, although it wasn't their first released film - its release was postponed until the end-of-year holiday season to bring in more profits with increased audiences. He Who Gets Slapped also featured the first appearance of the MGM lion (a lion named Slats). The famous MGM lion roar (from a lion named Jackie) in the studio's opening logo, however, was first recorded and viewed in White Shadows of the South Seas (1928) - via a Gramophone record.
1924 - F.W. Murnau's The Last Laugh, with revolutionary camera work by the celebrated German cinematographer Karl Freund, virtually invented a host of new techniques for a mobile camera ("unchained camera").
1924 - C.B.C. Film Sales Company (founded by brothers Jack and Harry Cohn, and Joseph Brandt) officially changed its name to Columbia Pictures Corporation. Mid-to late 1920s Most of the major Hollywood motion-picture studios had been established by this time, including the Big Five (Warner Brothers, Fox (later 20th Century Fox), RKO, Loew's Inc. (Metro-Goldwyn-Mayer (MGM)), Paramount (from Famous Players-Lasky)), and the Little Three (United Artists, Universal, and Columbia). All of these studios used Thomas H. Ince's efficient and profitable filmmaking "factory system".
1926 - The early death of 31 year-old silent screen star Rudolph Valentino, noted for 14 films (including The Sheik (1921) and the sequel The Son of the Sheik (1926)) in a short seven-year career, caused a frenzy among his fans during his very public New York funeral. Valentino is buried at the Hollywood (Forever) Cemetery, directly behind Famous Players-Lasky a.k.a. Paramount Studios.
1926 - In New York, Warner Brothers debuted Don Juan, the first Vitaphone film (developed by Bell Telephone Laboratories in 1926) and the first publicly-shown 'talkie' - starring John Barrymore. It was the first mainstream film that replaced the traditional use of a live orchestra or organ for the soundtrack (a recorded musical score of the New York Philharmonic), and successfully coordinated audio sound on a recorded disc synchronized to play in conjunction with a projected motion picture. The sounds in the film consisted of some sound effects and music, but no dialogue.
1926 - Actor-producer-star Douglas Fairbanks' ultimate pirate film (silent), The Black Pirate, was historically significant - the adventure swashbuckler was the first full-length blockbuster color film. (The two-color process was first introduced in The Toll of the Sea (1922) - see above, and in some sequences of Ben-Hur: A Tale of the Christ (1925) - also, see above.) It boasted the use of an early experimental Technicolor (two-color) process, although it was also filmed in black and white. Technicolor had made a historic deal with Jesse L. Lasky, this is considered the major step which lead to color film being accepted as legitimate production process.
1926 - A newer and better recording system for putting synchronized sound-on-film called Movietone was developed by Theodore W. Case and Earl I. Sponable for William Fox of the Fox Film Corporation. In this system, the sound track was placed onto the actual film next to the picture frames, rather than on a separate synchronized disc as in the Vitaphone system.
1927 - Grauman's Chinese Theatre has its Grand Opening in Hollywood. (May 18) The film shown that evening is Cecil B. deMille's The King of Kings. A riot breaks out as onlookers try to see the stars entering the theater for the premiere.
1927 - The Academy’s first Organizational Banquet is held, The success of The Jazz Singer hastens the demise of silent films.
1927 - Fox released They're Coming to Get Me, a five-minute black and white short that was the first 'talkie' using the Movietone system. The first feature film released using the Fox Movietone system was Sunrise (1927), directed by F. W. Murnau -- the first professionally - produced feature film with an actual soundtrack.Death of the Silent Era
1927 - The effective end of the silent era of films came when Warner Brothers produced and debuted The Jazz Singer, the first feature-length talkie or movie with dialogue. The musical, starring popular vaudevillian Al Jolson, had accompanying audio (with a sound-on-disc technology) which consisted of a few songs by Jolson and a few lines of synchronized dialogue. In his nightclub act in the film, Jolson presented the movie's first spoken ad-libbed words: "Wait a minute, wait a minute, you ain't heard nothin' yet." The film had about 350 spontaneously ad-libbed words.Famous Silent Films & Stars
Following are films that earned the highest ever gross income in film history, according to Variety magazine in 1932. The dollar amounts are not adjusted for inflation, and the values were calculated in 1932.
..1. The Birth of a Nation (1915) - $10,000,000
2. The Big Parade (1925) - $6,400,000
3. Ben-Hur (1925) - $5,500,000
4. Way Down East (1920) - $5,000,000
5. The Gold Rush (1925) - $4,250,000
6. The Four Horsemen of the Apocalypse (1921) - $4,000,000
7. The Circus (1928) - $3,800,000
8. The Covered Wagon (1923) - $3,800,000
9. The Hunchback of Notre Dame (1923) - $3,500,000
10. The Ten Commandments (1923) - $3,400,000
11. Orphans of the Storm (1921) - $3,000,000
12. For Heaven's Sake (1926) - $2,600,000
13. Seventh Heaven (1926) - $2,400,000
14. Abie's Irish Rose (1928) - $1,500,000 ..
The Jazz Singer (1927), Starring Al Jolson
1929 - The first Academy Awards® Ceremony is held banquet takes place in the Blossom Room of the Hollywood Roosevelt Hotel.
1939 - The Museum of Modern Art opens in New York. The releases of such films as Gone with the Wind, Mr. Smith Goes to Washington, Ninotchka, Stagecoach and The Wizard of Oz highlight what is often referred to as the greatest year in film history. World War II begins, closing the whole of continental Europe to American film distribution.
1940 - Pacific Electric Railway Edendale 5 mile line, "Red Car" ceased, though service continued in the form of local service on the Glendale-Burbank Line. Rail service on that line ended completely in 1955, and the tracks have been abandoned. The Edendale film studios which were mostly concentrated in a four-block stretch of Allesandro Street, between Berkeley Avenue and Duane Street are long gone. Allesandro Street was later renamed to Glendale Boulevard (and a smaller nearby street took on the name Allesandro).
1948 - The “Hollywood Ten” are charged with contempt of Congress and imprisoned.
1949 - The Hollywood Chamber of Commerce takes charge of the Hollywood signing, removing the "land" and repairing the letters that now spell, simply, "Hollywood."
Academy Award Best Picture Images
1953 - The first Academy Awards® show to be broadcast on television takes place at the Pantages Theatre on Hollywood Boulevard.
1956 - The now-landmark Capitol Records building is erected on Vine Street.
1960 - The first star on the Hollywood Boulevard Walk of Fame is awarded to Joanne Woodward.
1961 - The first in-flight movie is shown on a commercial airline.
1963 - The Cinerama Dome Theatre opens in Hollywood, featuring the world’s widest screen.
1965 - The Sound of Music surpasses Gone with the Wind as the biggest box office hit of all time.
1982 - Walt Disney releases Tron, marking an important milestone in digital evolution.
1989 - (September 19th) The Library of Congress announced the first 25 of 75 Films named to the new national film registry. The registry was established to get high-quality copies of films to make sure they would be preserved. The first group included Gone With The Wind, The Maltese Falcon and Citizen Kane.
1991 - The Motion Picture Academy celebrates the grand opening of its Fairbanks Center for Motion Picture Study.
2002 - The Kodak Theatre opens at Hollywood Boulevard and Highland Avenue, and becomes the new home of the Oscars®
2007 - Sid Gains, Motion Picture Academy President, announces at the Oscars® the Academy has purchased 4 acres of land in Hollywood at Sunset Blvd. & Vine Street to build a museum and theater complex - This will be the new home of the Academy Awards®. (Completion date 2012)
2008 - August The current owners of the American film studios are:Universal Pictures, Focus Features and Rogue Pictures are owned by NBC Universal, a unit of General Electric Co.; Sony Pictures, Sony Screen Gems and Sony Pictures Classics are units of Sony Corp.; DreamWorks, Paramount and Paramount Vantage are divisions of Viacom Inc.; Disney's parent is The Walt Disney Co.; Miramax is a division of The Walt Disney Co.; 20th Century Fox, Fox Searchlight Pictures and Fox Atomic are owned by News Corp.; Warner Bros., New Line, Warner Independent and Picturehouse are units of Time Warner Inc.; MGM is owned by a consortium of Providence Equity Partners, Texas Pacific Group, Sony Corp., Comcast Corp., DLJ Merchant Banking Partners and Quadrangle Group; Lionsgate is owned by Lionsgate Entertainment Corp.; IFC Films is owned by Rainbow Media Holdings, a subsidiary of Cablevision Systems Corp.
Westmore Monster Tribute (2009)
LEARN MORE AT:
- Jul 1, 2009 4:25 PM Westmore Museum Blog
..NEWS FLASH.. - HOLLYWOOD, CALIFORNIA, USA
..NEWS FLASH.. - HOLLYWOOD, CALIFORNIA, USA
June 2009 - ..Press Release..:
New Location - George Westmore Research Library & Museum
(At the current time we are closed for inventory purposes.)
Burbank, California, 91505, USA 626.692.8987 (NEW)
The George Westmore Research Library & Museum has moved to its new location in Burbank, California
The research library is proud to be in the center of the new Media District, between the Disney Cable Network and the Warner Brothers ranch as near by neighbors with direct access to the next generation of makeup artist.
..Marvin G. Westmore, Founder & CEO of the Library & Museum commented; “This new location provides us with an opportunity to serve the needs of the community, along with the film industry, giving everyone a foundation as well as an appreciation for makeup and hair design as a lasting art form.”..
Marvin’s Grandfather George Westmore was responsible for founding the very first makeup department at a motion picture studio in 1917. Prior to this time, actors in film production mostly came from stage performance work, and in most cases applied their own or assisted their fellow actors with makeup application.
In the history of the modern American movies, there are but few legacies of makeup artists. Only one family features four working generations: The Westmore’s of Hollywood. With ties to virtually every studio in the annals of cinema, The Westmore’s created classic beauty makeups back to the earliest years of silent film.
Learn more about the history of Makeup by visiting one of the many Westmore Makeup Sites and Join the Westmore Twitter WebSite.
..NEWS FLASH.. - HOLLYWOOD, CALIFORNIA, USA
..NEWS FLASH.. - HOLLYWOOD, CALIFORNIA, USA
June 2008 - ..Press Release..:
George Westmore Awards Announced
The George Westmore Research Library & Museum, revives the annual "George Westmore Lifetime Achievement Award" and announces the creation of a George Westmore, "Award of Excellence" to be an industry wide celebration of excellence in makeup and hair design.
Recipients of the awards were announced at a press conference on Monday, June 23, 2008, at the George Westmore Research Library & Museum in Burbank, California.
Certificates as well as statues were handed out before the press and representatives of the media.
Monty G. Westmore received a standing ovation when he accepted the first George Westmore Lifetime Achievement Award at the inaugural Hollywood Makeup Artist and Hair Stylist Guild Awards in 2001. Since the time Monty received his award the Makeup Guild has not focused on recognizing it's members achievements.
..Museum President, , commented about the increased responsibility, “We felt that this was the proper thing to do. It is important to promote outstanding excellence and individual contributions in Makeup & Hair Design. This not only promotes professional excellence but inspires the younger members of our profession.” He said, "This is very exciting and we intend to expand the awards each year." "We have received a great deal of positive input and support from within and outside the industry." ..
The awards recognize individual, excellence in Motion Picture, Television, Theatrical Stage, Live Performances, Opera, Print Publication and Advertising, which includes a Lifetime Achievement Award.
..A few of the 2008 recipients include..:
On Makeup Magazine, Michael DeVellis
Vincent "J-R" Kehoe
Mr. Tony Tanaka
Additional information about the award and a list of current recipients can be obtained by e-mail request at: info@WestmoreMuseum.com
..NEWS FLASH.. - HOLLYWOOD, CALIFORNIA, USA
..NEWS FLASH.. - HOLLYWOOD, CALIFORNIA, USA
October 2008 - .. UPDATE-Press Release..:
Westmores of Hollywood Received Star
on the Hollywood Walk of Fame at 1645 Vine Street
(West side of the Street just below Hollywood Blvd.)
(Friday) October 3, 2008 - 11:30am
Hollywood, CA.- Legendary Makeup men, The Westmores of Hollywood received their Star on the Hollywood Walk of Fame. The former honorary Hollywood Mayor, and Walk of Fame Chairman, Johnny Grant, described this honor as “earned recognition for a combination of professional achievement and community involvement.” Westmores of Hollywood Receive Star celebration was on the Hollywood Walk of Fame at 1645 Vine Street - West side of the Street just below Hollywood Blvd., (Friday) October 3, 2008, (Star # 2,370th)
Pioneers of their industry, Johnny pointed out that - “…Westmores not only created, but defined the role of makeup artists in Motion Pictures.” Wigmaker, George Westmore made history when he opened the very first makeup department in 1917 at Selig Polyscope Studios. George’s oldest sons, Monte, Ern, Perc, and Wally went on to open their own makeup departments at Warner Brothers, RKO, Fox and Paramount. By the 1930s nearly every motion picture studio employed a Westmore heading up their makeup department.
In 1935, the Westmore brothers teamed up to open the most opulent salon of its time, glamour mecca; The House of Westmore on 6638 Sunset Strip. Bud Westmore ran the makeup department at Universal for 24 years where he helped create the Creature from the Black Lagoon. Youngest son, Frank was a freelance makeup artist and worked with Cecil B. DeMille on The Ten Commandments and wrote a family biography appropriately titled, The Westmores of Hollywood.
The third generation Westmore’s brothers, Monty Jr., Marvin, and Michael have all made their own significant mark in Hollywood. Monty Jr. was personal makeup artist to Paul Newman and Joan Crawford (Monty passed in 2007). Marvin created the fashion forward makeup for the epic film, Blade Runner, past president of the Makeup & Hair Stylist Guild #706, Founder of The Westmore Academy and the George Westmore Research Library & Museum and Michael was behind alien creations on the Star Trek series and won an Oscar for his work on Mask. The forth generation Kandace, Kevin and Pam are also making contributions on television and in the movies.
The Hollywood Walk of Fame is a sidewalk along Hollywood Boulevard and Vine Street in Hollywood, Los Angeles, California that serves as an entertainment hall of fame. It is embedded with more than 2,369 five-pointed stars featuring the names of not only human celebrities but fictional characters honored by the Hollywood Chamber of Commerce for their contributions to the entertainment industry. The Walk of Fame is maintained by the self-financing Hollywood Historic Trust. The first star, awarded on February 9, 1960, went to Joanne Woodward.
*IF you would like to participate and be notified about the upcoming event send us your e-mail address - email@example.com
*IF you would like to participate and be notified about the upcoming event send us your e-mail address - firstname.lastname@example.org
IN THE MONTHS AHEAD:
..This web site will feature details about our museum exhibits, as well as our traveling exhibits on display around the country. If you are an educational institution interested in an exhibit, please contact the museum President. We would love to hear from you!
IN THE MONTHS AHEAD:
..This web site will feature details about our museum exhibits, as well as our traveling exhibits on display around the country.
If you are an educational institution interested in an exhibit, please contact the museum President.
We would love to hear from you!
The George Westmore Research Library & Museum Direction for 2009:
The purpose of the GWRL&M is to provide students, educators, scholars, society and industry personnel with a Makeup & Hair resource to explore and examine the role of Makeup & Hair design, as well as their relationship to society and history. The collection is sustained with standard museum practices for continued acquisition and preservation of the Makeup & Hair: Tools, Techniques, Procedures and Products. Its efforts also focus on the development of education, exhibition, outreach and volunteer programs.
The museum is an autonomous entity currently surviving on the sole financial support of donors; it does not receive income that is directed to any board member or donor of the museum. The Museum is a 501(c)3 non-profit institution fully recognized by the IRS. The governing directors are working professionals who are donating their expertise and time in order to provide direction and guidance during the formative years.
The GWRL&M was founded in Burbank in 2000 by Marvin G. Westmore, (Grandson of George Westmore) in order to serve the Westmore Academy of Cosmetic Arts students growing needs for historical research. Since January 2006, the museum's operations have been separate from the Academy in an effort to offer more specialized care and attention to the specific needs of a Makeup & Hair collection and develop a research library and museum to fulfill the community and cultural needs, add museum-trained personnel and create a respected Board of Directors.
2009 is a landmark year for Makeup’s legendary Westmore family – thus marking 92 years of services that the family has provided to Hollywood’s film industry and as medical cosmetic specialists.
2009 is a landmark year for Makeup’s legendary Westmore family – thus marking 92 years of services that the family has provided to Hollywood’s film industry and as medical cosmetic specialists.
The program covers and provides consultation, counseling and instruction - in collaboration with physicians, surgeons, dermatologists and other medical specialists - to medically referred clients who have undergone aesthetic or re-constructive surgery, as well as post-trauma patients and those with congenital skin discoloration. This program constitutes a cultural and social effort on behalf of the Westmore’s to enhance participant’s lives.
As pioneers of their industry, the Westmore's not only created but defined the role of Makeup Artists in motion pictures. Wigmaker George Westmore made history when he opened the very first makeup department at the Selig-Polyscope Studios in Edendale, a suburb of Los Angeles next to Hollywood, in 1917. (Located in the same area was Mac Sennet's Keystone Studios, Chaplain Studios, and Disney.)
George's sons, Monte, Ern, Perc, and Wally went on to open their own makeup departments at Famous Players-Lasky Studio, then on Selma & Vine, and later, Paramount Pictures, Warner Bros. Selznick International and RKO Hollywood Studio. By the 1930s nearly every movie studio had a Westmore heading their makeup department. In 1935 the brothers teamed up to open the most opulent salon of its time, a glamour mecca: The House of Westmore at 6638 Sunset Blvd. on the famous Sunset Strip.
Bud Westmore ran the makeup department at Universal International Pictures for 24 years where he re-created the makeup designs for Universal’s horror characters including, Frankenstein and the Creature from the Black Lagoon. Youngest son, Frank was a freelance makeup artist who worked with Cecil B. deMille on The Ten Commandments and wrote a family biography titled, The Westmore's of Hollywood.
The museum is pursuing multicultural internship grants and welcomes interns as well as individuals who are interested in pursuing careers in non-profit, Library Science and Museum Curating.
The following donations are gratefully received: makeup tools, books, products, photographs, marketing materials, makeup manufacturing tools, and monetary donations. The Research Library & Museum will consider other items and elements if they fall into the parameters of the museum collection goals.
..Meet the Westmore's:..
(July 22, 1902-March 30, 1940)
(Montague George Westmore) MOVIE IMAGE BIOGRAPHY:
..Montague George Westmore.. Makeup artist his feature work included: 1922 Blood and Sand (Niblo), 1923 Monsieur Beaucaire (Olcott), 1924 A Sainted Devil (Henabery), 1925 Cobra (Henabery), The Eagle (Brown), 1926, Son of the Sheik (Fitzmaurice), 1926 The King of Kings (deMille), 1927 It (Badgen), 1929 Mexicali Rose (Kenton), 1932 Forbidden, 1932 Scarface (Hawks), 1934 Four Frightened People (DeMille), 1934 The House of Rothschild (Werker), 1935 Mutiny on the Bounty (Lloyd), 1939 Intermezzo (Ratoff), 1939 Gone with the Wind (Fleming), 1940 Rebecca (Hitchcock).
(October 29, 1904-February 1, 1967)
(Ernest Henry Westmore) MOVIE IMAGE BIOGRAPHY:
..Ernest Henry Westmore.. was a Hollywood make-up artist and sometimes actor, the third child in George H. Westmore's famed Westmore family tree. Perc Westmore's twin, the two were born in 1904 in Canterbury in England then the United States. Considered the most talented of the Westmore brothers his films included:Ern: 1926 The Sea Beast (Webb), 1931 Cimarron (Ruggles), 1931 Way Back Home (Old Greatheart) (Seiter), 1932 A Bill of Divorcement (Cukor), and 1937 Lost Horizon (Capra).
Ern found work at Warner Bros. studio, RKO Studios, Eagle-Lion Studios and in 1935 became Chief Makeup Executive at 20th Century Fox. He was the director of make-up on over 50 films during his career, and was also featured as himself in a number of B-movie-style features for Kroger Babb, including One Too Many, and Secrets of Beauty, also known as Why Men Leave Home, an instructional primer for women regarding how to keep their husbands faithful.
..Ern was given an Academy Award in an "extraordinary - accomplishment" category for his work on the film Cimarron in 1931, even though makeup categories had yet to be established at the time...
Although his father and all of his brothers were involved in numerous films, Ern would be the only family member to be recognized by the Academy until the makeup category was introduced in 1981. Ern was also involved in the creation of the House of Westmore with three of his brothers. It was billed as a place of beauty, primarily for women, and Ern was forced to borrow $40,000 from John Barrymore and Errol Flynn to assist in the financing, never paying them back.
In 1955, Babb set Westmore up with his own television series. Originally called "Hollywood Today", but also called "Hollywood Backstage" and "The Ern Westmore Show", it was a short-lived television show. "The Ern Westmore Hollywood Glamour Show" was a program featuring make-up tips and beauty suggestions for viewers as well as give makeovers to a member of the studio audience, who would then be serenaded by a vocal singer, similar to the end of the Miss America Pageant.
(October 29, 1904-September 30, 1970)
(Percival Harry Westmore) MOVIE IMAGE BIOGRAPHY:
..Percival Harry Westmore.. was a prominent member of the Westmore family of Hollywood make-up artists and began his Hollywood career in 1921. Few actors had photogenically perfect features and makeup often obliterated the best facial bone structure. Westmore developed cosmetics that would look the same under diverse lighting conditions and with different types of film. Because of the danger from his electrically run lathes and saws, so he had his hands insured.
Perc's films included: 1925 Stella Dallas (H. King), The Lost World (Hoyt), 1934 Bordertown (Mayo), 1935 Captain Blood (Curtiz), A Midsummer Night's Dream (Reinhardt and Dieterle), 1936 Cain and Mabel (Bacon), The Story of Louis Pasteur (Dieterle), The Walking Dead (Curtiz), 1937 The Life of Emile Zola (Dieterle); Dead End (Wyler), 1939 The Private Lives of Elizabeth and Essex (Curtiz), The Return of Dr. X (V. Sherman), Juarez (Dieterle), The Hunchback of Notre Dame (Dieterle), 1941 Kings Row (Wood), 1942 Casablanca (Curtiz), 1951 The Blue Veil (Bernhardt), 1956 The Catered Affair (Brooks), 1966 Munster, Go Home! (Bellamy), 1969 The Arrangement (Kazan), 1970 There Was a Crooked Man (Mankiewicz).
In the 1950s Perc was a regular guest on "Art Linkletter's House Party Show" (radio and TV), and special makeup artist on "Queen for a Day" for 11 years; then worked at Universal for two years, and again at Warner Bros.: did the TV series The Munsters and The Bill Cosby Show.
(February 13, 1906-July 3, 1973)
(Walter James Westmore) MOVIE IMAGE BIOGRAPHY:
..Walter James Westmore.. career began with the highly successful Dr. Jekyll and Mr. Hyde (1931) in which the transition of Fredric March from Jekyll to Hyde was considered groundbreaking in the field of film make-up. He eventually went on to work on more than 300 films.
Wally's films included: 1931 Dr. Jekyll and Mr. Hyde (Mamoulian), 1931 Island of Lost Souls (Kenton), 1933 Alice in Wonderland (McLeod), 1936 The General Died at Dawn (Mielstone), 1938 Spawn of the North (Hathaway), Professor Beware (Nugent), 1942 The Great Man's Lady (Wellman), 1961
Breakfast at Tiffany's (Edwards), 1961 One-Eyed Jacks (Brando), 1962 The Man Who Shot Liberty Valance (Ford), 1963 Hud (Ritt), 1964 The Carpetbaggers (Dmytryk), 1964 Lady in a Cage (Grauman), 1964 Robinson Crusoe on Mars (Haskin), 1965 Harlow (Douglas), 1966 The Oscar (Rouse), 1966 This Property Is Condemned (Pollack), 1967 Barefoot in the Park (Saks), 1968 The Odd Couple (Saks), Will Penny (Gries), 1970 The Molly Maguires (Ritt), and 1970 There Was a Crooked Man (Mankiewicz).
(January 13, 1918-June 24, 1973)
(Hamilton Adolph Westmore) MOVIE IMAGE BIOGRAPHY:
..Hamilton Adolph Westmore.. was one of the more famous members of the legendary Westmore family dynasty which dominated, and in many ways expanded, the art of makeup in Hollywood cinema. Bud, the second youngest son, worked at Universal from the late 40s till his death in 1973.
He became one of the best known of the Westmores partly because of his work creating monsters for horror films, long a staple genre of Universal's output. Westmore's credits in screen terror included: Abbott and Costello Meet Frankenstein (1948), The Strange Door (1951), The Creature from the Black Lagoon (1954), The Mole People (1956), Curse of the Undead (1959), and the Universal-TV sitcom spoof, The Munsters (1964-66). A challenge he met with distinction was recreating silent horror star Lon Chaney's makeup for the biopic The Man of a Thousand Faces" (1957).
The majority of Bud's credits, were in other than in the monster genres, but included: 1947 A Double Life, 1948 Mr. Peabody and the Mermaid (Pichel), 1954 The Creature from the Black Lagoon (Arnold), 1955 Tarantula (Arnold), 1955 This Island Earth (Newman), 1956 Creature Walks among Us (Sherwood), 1956 The Mole People (Vogel), 1957 Deadly Mantis (Juran), 1957 Land Unknown (Vogel), 1957 Man of a Thousand Faces (Pevney), 1959 Imitation of Life, 1961 Flower Drum Song (Koster), Lover Come Back (Delbert Mann), 1962 Lonely Are the Brave (Miller), 1962 That Touch of Mink (Delbert Mann), 1962 To Kill a Mockingbird (Mulligan), 1963 The List of Adrian Messenger (Huston), Captain Newman, M.D. (Miller), 1964 Father Goose, 1965 I Saw What You Did (Castle), The War Lord (Schaffner), 1966 Madame X (Rich), The Plainsman (Rich), 1967 Thoroughly Modern Millie (Hill), The War Wagon (Kennedy), 1968 Madigan (Siegel), 1969 Death of a Gunfighter (Smithee), 1969 Sweet Charity (Rosse), 1969 Tell Them Willie Boy Is Here (Polonsky), 1970 Airport (Seaton), 1970 The Forbin Project (Sargent), and 1973 Soylent Green (Fleischer). Late in life he also did many TV-movies such as The Outsider (1967), Night Gallery (1969), and I Love a Mystery (1973).
WIFE: Martha Raye. Divorced.
WIFE: Rosemary Lane. Divorced.
WIFE: Jeanne Westmore. Survived him.
Changed his first two names from "Hamilton Adolph" to "George Hamilton" after WWII started
1945: Earliest feature film credits include "Detour"
1947 - 1971: Headed Universal Studios' makeup department for 24 years (date approximate)
Did the makeup for the CBS TV sitcom, The Munsters, produced by Universal Television
1966: Early TV-movie credit, Fame Is the Name of the Game
Worked largely in TV for the last seven to eight years of his career
1973: Last feature film credit, Soylent Green
1973: Last TV credit, Drive Hard, Drive Fast
(April 13, 1923-May 14, 1985)
(Frank Courtney Westmore) MOVIE IMAGE BIOGRAPHY:
..Frank Courtney Westmore.. was a Hollywood make-up artist and part of the Westmore family. In 1976, Frank wrote a biography of the family, "The Westmores of Hollywood."
In his early years Frank Westmore apprenticed with his brother Wally at Paramount Pictures. Later his film credits include: 1942 Beyond the Blue Horizon (Santell), 1946 Tars and Spars (Green), 1947 Unconquered (deMille), 1948 Let's Live a Little (Wallace), 1950 Storm Warning (Heisler), 1952 Rancho Notorious (F. Lang), 1953 All I Desire (Sirk), 1954 Abbott and Costello Meet Dr. Jekyll and Mr. Hyde (Lamont), 1956 The Mountain (Dmytryk), 1956 The Ten Commandments (DeMille), 1957 The Joker is Wild (C. Vidor), The Buster Keaton Story (Sheldon), 1958 Hot Spell (Daniel Mann), 1958 Houseboat (Shavelson), 1958 The Match-maker (Anthony), 1958 The Buccaneer (Quinn), 1960 The Rat Race (Mulligan), 1962 My Geisha (Cardiff), 1962 Two for the Seesaw (Wise), 1963 Irma La Douce (Wilder), 1964 What a Way to Go! (Lee Thompson), 1965 The Flight of the Phoenix (Aldrich), 1970 Two Mules for Sister Sara (Siegel), 1971 Fool's Paradise (McLaglen), The Beguiled (Siegel), 1972 Kung Fu (Thorpe), 1974 The Towering Inferno (Guillermin and Allen), Mr. Ricco (Bogart), 1975 Farewell, My Lovely (Richards), and Houseboat. For television he worked on such series as The Munsters, Planet of the Apes, Bonanza, Kung Fu and Hart to Hart.
MONTY Jr. "Mont" WESTMORE
(June 12, 1923-November 13, 2007)
MONTY Jr. "Mont" WESTMORE
(Montague George Westmore, II) MOVIE IMAGE BIOGRAPHY:
..Montague George Westmore, II ..- Makeup artist. Work includes Blaze (1989), he began working for his uncle, Perc Westmore, at Warner Bros. His work with Paul Newman, Joan Crawford, Dustin Hoffman is legendary including a Oscar nomination for Hook (1991). His films include: What Ever Happened to Baby Jane? (1962); Chaplin (1992); The Shawshank Redemption (1992); Rio Lobo (1970).
..Monty Jr. remembers Joan Crawford..
..Monty Jr. remembers Joan Crawford..
Westmore was Joan Crawford's personal makeup artist during the later part of her career, which included the 1962 film What Ever Happened to Baby Jane?, which also starred Bette Davis. Monty Westmore, Jr. describes in detail Joan's makeup routine.
..Here are some highlights:..
“It took three hours to get ready in the morning… while I was eating [breakfast], she’d make herself up. She let me apply her false eyelashes once, but it made her a nervous wreck, and me a nervous wreck. I’d lay out her makeup, step by step. She was very fussy about her false eyelashes and would discard the used ones after a day. For each film, I'd have to curl a gross of them. She wanted them in perfect circles, with the tips touching the back, so that while she lathered up her cake mascara--it was this German stuff she'd spit on--they'd uncurl right where she wanted them."
She covered her freckles with Max Factor greasepaint in a tube and put Westmore powder on top. Her eyebrows were natural—she’d just put a little mascara on the ends."
In addition to carrying Crawford's makeup to the set, Westmore also carried another of her essentials: a cooler containing vodka and ice.
"She would always ask for a 'drink of water,' but I never once saw her out of control," he recalled. In fact, "she always tried to get a director tipsy when she wanted the script changed."
She tried doing that with a young Spielberg, but Westmore said he made sure the glass contained more water than vodka. "If she'd have smelled his glass she would have chopped my head off," he said.
Joan used Lux soap and Max Factor cosmetics and would scrub her face every night with soap and water. She was absolutely covered with freckles! Legendary glamour photographer George Hurrell, who photographed her many times didn't like his subjects to wear face makeup, preferring to retouch their skin later.
What Ever Happened to Baby Jane? (1962)
..Rembembering Monty Westmore Jr...
Montague "Monty" Westmore Jr. (June 12, 1923-November 13, 2007) A third-generation member of the legendary family of Hollywood makeup artists whose long career included: Touch of Evil died of prostate cancer at the Motion Picture & Television Country House and Hospital in Woodland Hills.
In a nearly six-decade career that began at Warner Bros. in the 1940s, (launched his career in 1943 as an apprentice to his uncle, Perc Westmore, at Warner Bros. He then spent seven years at Universal.) Westmore amassed more than 100 film credits, including: 3 Women; Stand By Me; The Shawshank Redemption; Se7en; Star Trek: Insurrection; Chaplin; – as well as doing uncredited work on films such as The Treasure of the Sierra Madre.
He also was Paul Newman’s favored makeup artist and worked on more than a dozen of the actor’s films over three decades, including: The Life and Times of Judge Roy Bean; The Verdict; Fort Apache; the Bronx; The Color of Money; Message in a Bottle; Buffalo Bill and the Indians, or Sitting Bull's History Lesson; The Hudsucker Proxy; Twilight; Towering Inferno; Fat Man and Little Boy; Mr. & Mrs. Bridge; and Sometimes a Great Notion.
..Paul Newman - “I think once it was announced I was doing a film, it was just automatic that Monty would be doing the makeup,” and “When working on a film, there is a lot of pressure, and he was so low-key and kind of slipped underneath all that aggravation and everything.” Newman also commented, “It was very comforting to have him around. He will be sorely missed.”..
In 1992, Westmore shared an Academy Award nomination for best makeup for his work on the Steven Spielberg-directed film Hook.Monty had also worked with Steven on: Night Gallery, and Jurassic Park.
He also shared Emmy Award nominations for outstanding achievement in makeup for the 1983 TV movie Who Will Love My Children? and for the 1996 TV movie The Late Shift with his last screen credit on Ron Howard's 2000 film How the Grinch Stole Christmas.
Monty Westmore is survived by his wife, June; his children from a previous marriage, Wendy, Missy, Terri-Anne and Monty; his brothers, Marvin and Michael; and five grandchildren.
..Instead of flowers.., the family asks that donations be made in Montague "Monty" George Westmore Jr.'s memory to the George Westmore Research Library & Museum.
IN MEMORIAM 2007-2008 OSCARS 2008
IN MEMORIAM 2007-2008 OSCARS 2008
Who I'd like to meet:
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Westmore Historical Highlights:
Westmore Historical Highlights:..
1879 - George born on the Isle of Wight.
1901 - George opens his first Hairdressing saloon, 82 High Street in Newport, Isle of Wight.
1902 - Monte is born on the Isle of Wight.
1904 - Twins, Ern and Perc born in Canterbury, England.
1906 - Wally born in Canterbury, England.
1913 - George and Ada open a salon in Cleveland, Ohio.
1917 - George arrives in Hollywood, California George opens the 1st Makeup Department at Selig-Polyscope Studio. Selig pays him $25/wk for part-time work George creates Mary Pickford's curls George promises actress, Billie Burke a new wig at Triangle Motion Picture Company. He also made the very first pair of false eyelashes for her. After seeing her makeup, Thomas Ince, (1/3 owner of Triangle Motion Picture Company) hired him at an unheard of rate of $150/week. George also opened the 1st Makeup department at Triangle Motion Picture Company before Samuel Goldwyn absorbed it. George is the first to introduce cutting hair in layers, where he demonstrates this on Douglas Fairbanks. While working at Maison Cesar, a young Perc ventilated a new moustache for actor Adolphe Menjou in 90 minutes, after Menjou had accidentally shaved off half of his own signature moustache.
1918 - Hamilton "Bud" Westmore is born in Los Angeles, California (January 13th).
1921 - Perc and Ern, (Twins) open a Makeup Department at 1st National Pictures. Monte becomes Rudolph Valentino's valet, he then convinces him to let him do his makeup and hair. Monte puts a thin coat of Vaseline on his hair, plucks his eyebrows, contours his jawline, and defines his mouth, creating the "Valentino" look. Famous Players-Lasky hired Monte to be Rudolf Valentino's makeup artist.
1923 - Frank Westmore is born in Maywood, California (April 23rd). Montague Jr. "Monty" Westmore is born in Los Angeles, California (June 12th).
1924 - Ern's innovative techniques: He straps a piece of raw meat to John Barrymore's leg and covered it in makeup. In the film, a branding iron was pressed against the leg creating a realistic "burn."
1924 - George Westmore's first wife Ada Savage dies.
1925 - George brought the first water hair waving machine to this country. He created the famous "Gloria" curls and rolls which permit 32 different coiffeurs with the use of only 5 hairpins.
1925 - George Westmore marries Anita Salazar.
1926 - Wally becomes the Head of the Makeup Department at Paramount and will remain there for 41 years. Monte is offered an unprecedented $250/week to work for Cecil B deMille on the film King of Kings.
1927 - Monte becomes a freelance makeup artist for several studios. He creates a Flapper fashion sensation when he tapes down Clara Bow's breasts for the film IT.
1929 - Perc is loaned to RKO for The Hunchback of Notre Dame for $10,000. He uses molded sponge rubber to create the look of a heavy mass on the back of Quasimoto. Perc also cut Bette Davis' hair in bangs to minimize the look of her forehead, which was now too high, because he had shaved her head and eye brows for the movie, Elizabeth and Essex. This caused a sensation in hairdressing and became the latest trend. Perc created the Katherine Hepburn "washtub hairdo."
1931 - The Motion Picture Academy awards Ern the "Academy Cup", the forerunner to the Oscar, for the work on the epic film, Cimarron, another makeup artist would not be recognized by the Academy again for another 26 years. Ern redefined Bette Davis' bee-stung lipline. He drew her mouth nearly straight across, and extended the length and exaggerated the width of the lower lip. Ern and Perc delineate the 7 Basic Face Shapes.
1931 - George Westmore committed suicide by swallowing Mercury (July 12), after issuing various threats to some members of his family.
1934 - While filming Scarface, Monte sets another trend by creating a sinister scar on the face of Paul Muni. Monte and his wife Edith, a hairdresser at Warner Brothers, develop a fishhook hairpin for a new starlet, ice skater, Sonjia Henie.
1934 - Marvin "Marv" George Westmore is born in Los Angeles, California. (December 24).
1935 - The House of Westmore Salon opens. Kay Francis cuts the ribbon during the ceremony. Joan Blondell turned on the interior lights and Claudette Colbert turned on the exterior lights. The House of Westmore Cosmetic Plant opens on Sunset Boulevard and Gordon Street. Doc Fisher was the chemist. Ern becomes Chief Makeup Executive at 20th Century Fox. Perc and Ern developed a lighted mirror with faint line drawings illustrating their 7 basic face shapes.
1936 - At the 9th Annual Academy Awards, Actor Paul Muni, won the Best Actor award for his performance in The Story of Louis Pasteur.
1937 - Two intruders wrecked the House of Westmore during the Motion Picture Painter’s and Decorator's Union Strike, causing $20,000 damage, loss of revenue is unknown.
1938 - Michael George Westmore is born in Los Angeles California (March 22).
1939 - "Percern" wigs are created for Max Factor Co. They become the first commercial toupee and were made utilized George's own technique, with the hair-lace base. Perc Westmore's Makeup Guide is published. Price 25 cents. Perc designs prosthetic hands for maimed servicemen. Perc celebrates his 25th year at Warner Brothers. He is credited with being the first to substitute the material, latex, for putty to alter actor's features in film. He also directed research sponsored by the Academy of Motion Picture Arts and Sciences developing Panchromatic makeup. Bud is at Eagle-Lion, and later becomes the Head of the Makeup Department at Universal Studios for 24 years until his death in 1970. Warner Brothers borrows actress Rita Hayworth for The Strawberry Blonde, her hair is henna dyed red at the House of Westmore salon, and Perc himself creates her new signature look.
1940 - Montague George Westmore passes on (March 30).
1953 - "The Ern Westmore Show" becomes syndicated. It was a short-lived television show.
1954 - Ern writes a monthly column "Secrets of Beauty" for Song Hits Magazine.
1955 - Ern hosts TV Show, originally called "Hollywood Today", but also called "Hollywood Backstage."
1957 - Bud is asked by Mattel to help create "Barbie" with Charlotte Johnson, Fashion Designer and Jack Ryan, an engineer at Mattel. Bud designs the makeup for Barbie. Perc honored by Society of Makeup Artists having contributed most to makeup and advancement of makeup profession in the past 25 years.
1961 - Wally creates a well-defined eye with heavy black eyeliner and false eyelashes for Audrey Hepburn in Breakfast at Tiffany's. This timeless look is still imitated today.
1967 - Ernest Henry Westmore passes (February 1).
1970 - Percival Harry Westmore passes (September 30).
1973 - Hamilton Adolph Westmore passes (June 24).
1973 - Walter James Westmore passes (July 3).
1981 - Westmore Academy of Cosmetic Arts, Marvin G. Westmore, Founder & President establishes an elite makeup school with a specialized curriculum, conceptualized and designed by award-winning Hollywood makeup artist. The hand-selected instructors at the Westmore Academy are Emmy-nominated, noted industry professionals, and masters of hair and makeup design.
1985 - Frank Courtney Westmore passes (May 14).
2000 - Monty G. Westmore received a standing ovation (March 19) when he accepted the first George Westmore Lifetime Achievement Award at the inaugural Hollywood Makeup Artist and Hair Stylist Guild Awards, Beverly Hills Hilton.
2000 - Marvin G. Westmore, creates a George Westmore Library within the Westmore Academy of Cosmetic Arts, students learn about the history of makeup and hair design.
2006 - Marvin G. Westmore, (January) establishes the IRS recognized non-profit, George Westmore Research Library & Museum. The Museum is a 501(c)3 non-profit institution fully recognized by the IRS. The preservational goals of the museum extend to all aspects of makeup and hair design.
2007 - Montague George Westmore, II passes (November 13).
2008 - The George Westmore Research Library & Museum, (June 10) revives the annual "George Westmore Lifetime Achievement Awards" and announces the creation of a George Westmore, "Award of Excellence" to be an industry wide celebration of excellence in makeup and hair design.
2008 - The Westmore's of Hollywood receive a star on the Hollywood Walk of Fame. (October 3) The star is located on Vine Street just south of Hollywood Blvd.
2009 - The George Westmore's Research Library & Museum & The Westmore Academy of Cosmetic Arts moves to its new home "The Campus" in Burbank, California.(January 27)
2009 - Museum announce the addition of approximately 2,500+ motion picture movie posters to its collection.(July) The collection of posters was amassed over a 45-year period, from a working member of the Hollywood community, who had a deep appreciation for Hollywood film history.
Early Hollywood Studios
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- Status: Married
- Here for: Networking, Friends
- Zodiac Sign: Cancer
- Occupation: Makeup & Hair Artist
Westmore Academy of Cosmetic Arts
2009 to Present
- Graduated: N/A
- Student status: Alumni